Fastest method of point-to-point transportation on Earth’s neighborly planet of Mars, to and from all major Martian cities, carrying both people and cargo efficiently and safely.
Daedalus, our Mars Transporter vehicle, would transport people to and from any major city and many non-major cities on Mars in usually under 35 minutes. To be clear, this is point-to-point transportation on Mars. Daedalus will never leave Mars’ gravitational sphere of influence. In other words, it never leaves Mars or Mars’ orbit, it just temporarily exits its atmosphere to allow for lower transit times.
This spacecraft, essentially being a heavily-optimized version of SpaceX’s interplanetary Starship Vehicle, uses CH4 (Methane) as fuel and Liquid Oxygen as propellant. Methane is used as it can easily be produced on the surface of Mars using the Sabatier Process, which is a chemical reaction that, when conducted, involves the reaction of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and Molecular Hydrogen (H2) to produce Methane (CH4), and Water (H2O). Due to Hydrogen’s extreme lack of density, it is not an ideal fuel for Daedalus. Hydrogen is a fuel that will very easily leak from the rocket body via the smallest imaginable atomic-level holes and gaps. So, though Hydrogen can be very easily produced on the surface of Mars by mining its water ice and using electrolysis, it is not very easy to deal with Hydrogen as a rocket fuel and it’s seemingly not worth it, so, methane is used as a fuel for this spacecraft instead, as it can be produced almost just as easily, but requires CO2 from the Martian atmosphere for the Sabatier process to be successful. The use of Methane instead of Hydrogen also minimizes the amount of mass needed to construct a full Daedalus vehicle, as its tank volume can be reduced as a result of the increased density of fuel (liquid methane).
Since Mars’ atmosphere is very thin (practically non-existent) and its gravity is much weaker than Earth’s, this spacecraft only requires 1 rocket stage with 3 engines or less, to launch 100+ people to another destination on Mars. For this reason, Daedalus can be considered an SSTO (single stage to orbit) vehicle, but it would never launch with the intention of achieving permanent orbit, unless there is a atmospheric re-entry abort where temporary orbit must be achieved to await a rescue mission.
Daedalus can save propellant by putting itself on a suborbital trajectory which will have it end up landing at its destination with no need to fire engines until then, or it can burn more propellant to boost itself to orbital speeds to travel faster (reducing flight/transit time) and then neutralize that extra velocity by firing its engines in the retrograde direction so it does not achieve a sustained orbit, and instead falls down to its landing location as intended.
Daedalus would become the primary method of long-distance transportation on Mars, and, assuming currency still exists, a seat would be very inexpensive, as only the propellant to refill the spacecraft’s tanks as well as the computing power to evaluate the state of the spacecraft would cost money for each launch. Electricity is free, because the Sun is free. Every physical part of this spacecraft (excluding the propellant AKA fuel/oxidizer) is re-usable. That includes the heat shield tiles (thermal protection system) used during atmospheric re-entry, the deployable landing legs, the three engines, and every other part you can think of, with the exception of emergency crush-core landing legs which only need to be replaced if they are used in an emergency hard landing and the cores get crushed in a controlled manner.
Overall, it’s like an airplane. It launches and lands, and once it lands, it only needs to be refueled to almost immediately fly again. No replacing parts, or anything else like that. This is why a seat on Daedalus would be extremely cheap. Additionally, by the time Daedalus would actually carry humans, every part of every system on the spacecraft would have been tested thousands of times, and the actual spacecraft would have been launched hundreds of times in a row without a single failure. This would minimize the chances of any system failing while carrying humans, as any issues would have been fixed during the testing campaigns, making Daedalus more reliable than modern-day commercial Earth airplanes.
OVERVIEW OF THE DAEDALUS VEHICLE
Daedalus will be capable of launching and landing hundreds of times 24/7/365. The vehicle will routinely need to undergo inspections to check for and repair any possible damage or weaknesses which have developed.
Daedalus would allow anyone in any major Martian city to travel to any other major Martian city, in likely under 35 minutes.
The vehicle features the following:
- Stainless Steel used for primary rocket structure
- Cryogenic Methane as rocket engine fuel
- Cryogenic Oxygen as rocket engine oxidizer
- Electric Motors for quick & precise flap control
- Silica Ceramics for thermal protection system
ENJOY THE BEAUTIFUL VIEW OF THE COSMOS
Though rides on Daedalus will be relatively short (under 35 minutes), you will be able to admire the beautiful view of the cosmos through the extremely large transparent aluminum ALON (Aluminium oxynitride) windows on the front of Daedalus.
Illustrations may be shown on the transparent window’s surface when viewed from inside, showing where certain stars, galaxies, nebulae, etc, are, as well as their their names, properties, and what they are known for.
Daedalus utilizes spacex’s starship landing flip maneuver
VIDEO BY C-BASS PRODUCTIONS ON YOUTUBE, “SPACEX STARSHIP LUNAR RETURN ANIMATION”
performing the landing flip
Daedalus re-enters the atmosphere belly-first, as the heat shield tiles are located on the belly. After the intense part of atmospheric re-entry is complete, the vehicle continues to descend belly-first to utilize air resistance to slow down.
This ultimately conserves propellant. When nearing the final landing phase, the vehicle, like SpaceX’s Starship, ignites its engines and flips from horizontal to vertical orientation where the engines will then use its propulsion to slow down in preparation for touchdown.
operating during any time of the day
The Daedalus Vehicle can launch, land, and repeat, constantly, regardless of the time of day. Even if it’s in the middle of the night. The vehicle is 100% autonomous, so no human intervention is needed. Similar to traditional airplanes, there would not be a time where no Daedalus vehicles are flying.
In-flight human error would also be rendered impossible due to the vehicle’s computer autonomy.
more info about the daedalus spacecraft
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